Wekalah in Islamic Architecture in Egypt

Wekalat AL- GhourY

 

 

 

 

 

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Wekalat AL-GhourY
   
Construction Date 909-910 A.H./1504-1505 A.D.
Construction Era Circassian Mamluk era
Constructor Name Sultan Al-Ashraf Abu Al-Nasr Qunswa Al-Garkassi (Al-Ghouri)
Building Type Wekala "craftsmen and market place"
Current  Statues In Good Condition
Historical Lieu  
Monument Address Al-Tablita Street next to the founder's complex that contains a dome, a sitting logicca, a sabil, a kuttab, a mosque and a house in Al-Azhar quarter
   
 
Built in 1504 A.D. by Sultan Qunsuwah Al Ghouri, late during the reign of Mamelukes, Wakalat El-Ghouri was originally designed as an inn for accommodating traders coming from all parts of the globe as well as a marketplace for trading goods and a venue for making trade deals.

   Before the discovery of the Route of Good Hope, Egypt had been the hub of overland trade caravans from east and west.

   The external stone facade is impressive, with its uniformity of windows. There are a few small windows on the first floor, but the upper stories of the building have three rows of groupings of three windows of varying design. The last row is covered by mashrabiya panels, each panel being three windows wide. The entrance to the courtyard is via a great door mounted in a trilobite arch. Inside, the building is very regular, with the exception of the first floor, which has wide arcades intersected by a gallery.

   The building is made up of four floors, each comprising 28 rooms with domed ceilings, overlooking a rectangular-shaped courtyard with a mosaic fountain in the middle. As such, Wakalat El-Ghouri still stands out as one of the loftiest and most time-enduring Islamic monuments remaining. It rightly reflects an apex of harmony and symmetry in terms of both Islamic architecture and practical functionality.

You can find the whole details in the two following links.

http://www.touregypt.net/ghuriwakala.htm
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/ghouri.htm

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