Schools in Islamic Architecture in Egypt
AL- SaliH NaGm El-Din AyouB
School and Mausoleum NaGm
Ayyubid sultan of Egypt, al-Salih Nagm al-Din Ayyub, died
defending Egypt against the Crusader's attack led by Louis IX. The
complex represents the first known instance of a tomb being attached
madrasa. This madrasa was also the first to be built to house
all four Sunni legal schools, each in a separate iwan. This
tradition would later evolve along the lines of the
cruciform plan with the coming two hundred years under the
Two matching wings each housed two facing iwans. Like the famous Khan al-Khalili bazar, this madrasa was built on parts of the enormous site once occupied by the Eastern Fatimid Palace. The facade which fronted both wings still stands, showing off its niches, reliefs, and inscriptions, but is partly hidden by shops. It supports a minaret over a richly decorated doorway. The style of the minaret—the only one to survive from the Ayyubid period—is known as a pepperpot or incense-burner.
The doorway is the entrance to the alley known today as Harat al-Salihiya that separates the two wings of the madrasa. Just to the left of this doorway is the entrance to an open courtyard, with the remains of the madrasa evident. The attached mausoleum where al-Sultan al-Salih is buried was built later by his widow, Shagar al-Durr.