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Architecture

Vernacular & Echolodge
  Architecture

What is Vernacular Architecture?

The Local Traditional Architecture.

Local / Traditional/ conventional
Handmade/ low tech/
Self help/ craftsmen/ no engineers

Differences from historical Architecture

 

Why?

Revolution against Modernism
Wasted Aesthetic Values
Nationalism, dignity
Economic/ domestic technology
Local Climatic Adaptation (passive techniques)
Well known, locally accepted.
Attractive for tourism, defines an (Ethnic) atmosphere
Double encoding and symbolic metaphors

Why not?

Retarded,
Low quality: less durable, Cracks, pests…
Against people ambitions
Symbol of the Past (sometimes Symbol of the dead!)

Egyptian vernacular Architecture
Egyptian vernacular

Rural mud-brick housing
Neo-Vernacular Egyptian Architecture

The Godfathers: Remises Wisa wasef and Hassan Fat'hy:
Hassan Fat'hy:

The genius question!
Housing for poor…. Or housing for rich!
Al-Gourna: the complexity of sociological aspects in Architecture.

Gourna House

  New Gourna Village - Luxor - 1946
   
Gourna School1  New Gourna Boys' School
Gourna School2  New Gourna Girls' School
Gourna2  New Gourna's Current Status
Gourna1  New Gourna's Current Status 2005

Ramsees Wisa Wasef, the success with the society

Mud bricks: Building from earth that gets back to earth

Harraniya Craft village

  Harraniya Craft Village - Giza - 1940

We can see Vernacular Architecture in the West Desert:

Teneeda Tenneda located in el Dakhlah Oasis,West Desert.
Sendadia Sendadaya located in el Kargah Oasis,West Desert.

Vernacular Architecture of the world
Western vernacular architecture

Natural Materials: Wooden pitched roofs, Wood or brick walls.
Wood windows

African vernacular Architecture

Mali, Burkina Faso, Nubia, Morocco
Earth vernacular housing: Recycling buildings,

Arabic-Islamic vernacular Architecture

Aseer, Yemen.
Tunis, Bosnia, Montenero

 

 

Architectural branches:

Design Technology
Environmental Design
Climatic Design
Vernacular
Echolodge

Landscape Architecture
Interior Design