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Lectures Environmental Lectures
First lecture
second lecture
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The vernacular Arch.
human environmen
Contextual Design

Dr. Abbas El-Zafarany Lectures:

Environmental Lectures

Department of Architecture and Environmental design

Course outline

Contextual Design
The meening of context
       The battle field was full of skeletons
       Using Skeleton system enables more exposure to sun and daylight
Environment of similar components
The meening of Contextual Design
Building in Harmony with surrounding built-up Environment
Design of building exterior as a part of a bigger composition
Understanding the archetectural context
Size:  Hight, width, depth (if visible)
Relationships between masses:        
similar- different, urban Tissue( Pointed, linear, compact…)
 Skyline of each building, of the space walls
Vertical - Horizontal , fast- slow..
Level of details:
 plain, moderately detailed, finely detailed or ornamented
Wall surface: color, texture
Openings: percentage, sizes, number, organization, proportions)
shape, color, details..
Ground level and relation to ground:
direct, elevated, cantilevered, buried, english courts…
Street width, distance between buildings and street,….

Building within a homogeneous context (historical Area for example)
Building between defferent types of buildings.
Islamic Architecture as example of contextual trend

Organic Architecture
Architect Must be creative as nature
No use of cleches or ready made styles
Learn from nature: analogy and Inspiration
Buildings in relation with nature and site       
Marriage between Building and its site
Buildings growing from earth!
A positive or neutral additian to sute, not distruction.
Use of Materials in Its Nature
Materials from nature, preferably from site
Less painting and plaster, let the material expess itself
Use the man made matrerials in its nature.
Growth of buildings
Building grows with the needs of its resedends
Design for growth, in all fases building looks complete
The building is a space, before it is a mass
The duty of architect to design the spaces
Form grows from inside out, no superimposed forms.
Relation between interior spaces and external Spaces.
Organic Ornaments
Ornaments from the nature of the building, not ON the building
Simple units repeated
Lessons from nature
Stalectites, Organic Ornaments in Islamic architecture
Structure, space forming, ornament in the same time.
Organic simplicity
No superimposed complexity
A building is a building, not a hanger for extravagant ornaments

Building as a living Organism!
Life activities

Feeding (water, energy, …)
breathing ( fresh air in, contaminated air out)
secretion (wast: solid, liquid, gaseous…)
growth (building growing with users neads)
multiplication! (the city, the need for new housing)
Life systems within a building

circularity system
neuro- system
thermal regularity system

City as a community of buildings
The role of a new creature in the environment:  a building!
Building and the city: acessebillity and cerculation
Interaction between buildings

Green  Architecture
Difinitions, goals
Achieving good environmental conditions within the built environment
Sustainable Architecture: preserving the future.
Major concepts
Environmental conditions
Climatic, lighting, noise and aquestics, air quality and polloution
Less stress on the environment
Minimizing the waste and contamination
Maxemizing use of recycled materials, and recyclable materials
Minmizing use of non renewable resources( including energy)

Maxemizing use of renewable resources



Dr. Yehia Waziry
Dr. Tarek Abdel Ra'ouf
Dr. Abbas El-Zafarany