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Lectures Environmental Lectures
First lecture
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The vernacular Arch.
human environmen
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Dr. Abbas El-Zafarany Lectures:

Environmental Lectures

Department of Architecture and Environmental design

Course outline

The Human environment                                          

Humans as a part of the environment

Community tourism: Watch the humans! 

What to know about humans in a certain environment?
 The Anthropology
Race : who are they, how do they look? 
Origins: where did they come from, who are their relatives…
The human society
                        what do they do for living?
                        Hunting and collecting fruits
                        Life stock raising
Services : health care, Education, security and justice, Entertainment….
Culture and civilization

Components of Civilization


The non physical side of Civilization.
Religion,  Morals,  traditions…
Intellectual thinking, philosophy
Costumes, body art, cosmetics...
Art:      music and singing, dancing,
painting, sculpture,
literature, poetry, theater, cinema
Reflections of culture on civilization
Architecture and Urbanism, landscape
furniture, tools, cars…
man made Environment  the link to physical side

Civic side

            The physical side of civilization
State:               government, administration
Law:               security, justice
Urbanism:       cities, architecture…
Military force: defense against external dangers.
Technology and science
Specialization of work: exchanging products and services

Humans as goal of environmental development

Things looks different when you are the human being watched!

Humans as a part of the nature needs to be protected, their conditions should be enhanced, but without erasing the good and unique sides of their own culture.

Building for people is different from building for tourists?
House and home, or a cage in a human zoo!

Shelter and Housing needs
Is it fair to be homeless or live in slums?
Homeless people in the world
Homeless people in Egypt

National Identity

Is there a way to sustain National Identity?
The right question: Who are we?  What is proper for us?
Living in the present, roots in the past, hope for the future
The debate of  Contemporary vs. Original.. (once called: el 3emmah wel Tarboosh)
The civilization waves:  reading future from the history

Civilization Invasion and Imperial waves

Roman civilization: changed the civic side, slightly tried to influence the culture
Islamic civilization:       changed parts of the culture (mainly religion)
but sustained the rest
Modern western civilization: overwrites every thing!!

Understanding Egypt’s history

            Ancient Egyptian           5000 bc-1000 bc
            Greek                           300 bc - 50bc
            Roman                         50bc   -    640 ad
            Coptic (Christian)         50ad    -   640 ad
            Islamic                          640 ad  -  1800  (1000-1500 semi Independent)
            Modern                        1800 - now

Our Cultural roots



Global impacts

The built-up environment
Architecture as a representation of Culture: functions and symbols
Architecture as a representation of civilization: building technology
What should be preserved in built environment?
The Historical Architecture, Urban form, atmosphere and lifestyle.
Vernacular Architecture
High standard urban zones and their integrity.

Students will be divided into 2 groups
First group:
visit al kheyameyah street or khan el khaleely, and take some photographs expressing the 4 historical aspects that should be preserved. On a transparent overlay, write your analysis of Aesthetic values on each photograph, defining objects that accentuates positive values and those opposing them.

Second  group:
Visit el Harraneyah village, Wisa wasef House (or any b
buildings designed by him) and hand made carpets workshops.
Photograph the Nature, buildings, people working in craftsmanship of carpets, and their products.
Analyze the Aesthetics of the buildings and other object




Dr. Yehia Waziry
Dr. Tarek Abdel Ra'ouf
Dr. Abbas El-Zafarany